GLOBAL CAMPAIGN TO END GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE
JGVT is supported by CREA- a feminist human rights organization based in New Delhi. It is one of the few international women's rights organizations that work at the grassroots, national, regional, and international levels. Together with its partner organizations, CREA works to advance the rights of women and girls and the sexual and reproductive freedoms of all people. CREA advocates for positive social change through national and international fora and provides training and learning opportunities to global activists and leaders.
In 2018-19, JGVT is supported by CREA for its "Change Perspective" program. Under which activities like (i) 16-day global campaign of activism and advocacy to end gender-based violence with women and girls (ii) Football and Kabaddi Sports competition for women and girls and (iii) District Level Seminar to end discrimination in gender-based women and girls undertaken successfully with larger community participation and support. The details are as follows:
Meetings were organized by JGVT at Mahuda More in Dhanbad district in which it was decided to make football and Kabaddi games a success. It was decided to select the football team and the Kabaddi team. In the meeting, members and staff of JGVT, social activists, NGO personnel and community representatives were mainly present. On 26.11.2018 a meeting with press representatives was held to make the 16-day global campaign successful. In the meeting, Sushma Devi and Mamta Rawani elaborated on the 16-day campaign. The questions of media personnel were answered in turn by the Trust. Women's football and Kabaddi Sports Competitions were also organized at Mahuda More. 06 teams participated in football and 02 teams in Kabaddi competitions. All players were registered before the game started. Sushma Devi, Trustee of JGVT threw light on the objectives of the game to end gender based violence which is the aim of all of us. A 20 minutes game was also played.
Addressing the closing ceremony of the game, Minakshi Rani Gudiya, head of Baghmara block said that women are now working in every field today, so the gender-based discrimination has to be eliminated from the society. We cannot establish an egalitarian society without ending gender discrimination. We have to start with our family only to end discrimination. Because of the efforts put by the JGVT, a lot of awareness has come in the women of our region. Mr. Dhananjay Prasad, Member of CWC, Dhanbad gave information on child marriage, gender-based crime, etc. At last, all players who participated in Football and a were rewarded by JGVT. A district-level Seminar was organized on 10.12.2018 at Pathargadia to end gender discrimination in society. A total of 200 participants comprising Anganwadi Workers, Sahia, Panchayat Representatives, Press Representative, SHGs, Kishori Groups, etc. participated in the Seminar. The participants were told to play their role to eliminate gender-based discrimination from society. Mr. Dhananjay Prasad Mahto, member of CWC, Dhanbad gave information to participants about gender-based discrimination, the introduction of the law and its objectives, etc. It was further said that if there is any matter related to violence, inform directly to phone number 100 at the police station for whatever the matter related to gender violence. Minakshi Rani Gudiya said that today women are second to none to males in any field but we can only imagine a civilized society by ending violence and ending gender discrimination. Sushma Devi of JGVT informed about gender-based discrimination, legal provisions of violence against women at the workplace. Kishori Group gave a message to end gender-based discrimination through cultural programs played by women and girls. The Seminar ended with the song "We Will Be Successful". Due to the initiatives put by JGVT with the support of CREA, there has been a lot of change in the area and women have now become aware of their rights and there has been a decrease in female violence in the project area as well.
SHG PROMOTION PROGRAM
The total world population comprises of 50% women. As far as the social status of thanks is concerned it has been seen that in the Indian context in most states women are not treated as equal to men in most places. This gender discrimination is very deep- rooted and it adversely affects the morale of the women population in the country as a whole. The need of the hour is to address this issue with full sincerity and ensure that women are provided with the necessary rights which could enable them to take up the decision-making role and thereby play a significant part in the society they reside in. Empowering may be understood as enabling people, especially women to acquire and possess power resources, in order to make a decision on their own or resist decisions that are made by others that affect them. One has to believe that the progress of any nation is inevitably linked with the social and economic plight of women in that particular country. For concrete results, we have to assert and act with our full might and what is needed most. Empowerment by way of participation in SHG can bring enviable changes and enhancement in the living conditions of women in poor and developing nations. Self Help Group (SHG) is a process by which a group of 10-20 women with common objectives is facilitated to come together voluntarily to participate in the development activities such as saving, credit and income generation thereby ensuring economic independence. JGVT is trying to improve the socio-economic development of the poor women in the villages of Dhanbad district through the formation of Self-Help Groups. Till 31.03.2019, 121 SHGs have been formed and strengthened by JGVT in different villages of Baghmara block in Dhanbad district covering poor women of the SC, ST, Dalits, OBC, and Minorities. The SHG office bearers and members of these groups regularly received training by JGVT for better functioning and sustenance of the formed groups.
CHILD RIGHTS & PROTECTION PROGRAM
Every child has the right to survive, grow, develop and participate. In order to exercise those rights, vulnerable children should receive supportive care in safe, family-like and community-based environments free from violence, abuse, and exploitation. JGVT isworking in this direction with commitment to ensure that children in Jharkhand would be able to realize their all rights and that the child's rights practitioners, development workers, social workers, youth workers, legal professionals, law enforcement and policymakers in the state have the knowledge and skills that they need to promote and protect child rights in a successful manner. In 2018-19, programs like block-level seminar, block-level rally, school level seminar, talk show, and Bal-Sansad were successfully organized by JGVT in Dhanbad district in Jharkhand. An NGO network has also been formed to raise voice for strict implementation of child rights and protection programs. Through these activities- issues of child rights, child development, and participation & protection were covered at length. Experienced resource persons and eminent personalities of the district also participated and shared their views on these issues.
SKILL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING PROGRAM
From its past experiences, JGVT has realized that merely imparting literacy would not be sufficient for the true progress of society. In the poverty-stricken and backward districts of Jharkhand, women and girls are mostly involved in household activities and play a very limited role in livelihood activities. They are always burdened with different household activities and lack the rights to possess assets and participation in the decision-making process in comparison to males. They are not empowered and do not get value in the family and society as they should be because of their inability to earn. However, they have the right potential to become an earning member of the family. In order to make these female and male youth stand on their own feet and making them capable enough to help their family economically, our vocational training initiative continued in 2018-19 too through community contributions and donations. The training was organized in phases with the involvement of experienced vocational trainers in the area. Thus, these skill training initiatives of JGVT has promoted a good platform for the poor men and women to learn income generation skills for their socio-economic empowerment. The local community of the area provided their full contribution to the program. As a positive side, 70% of the beneficiaries are now earning well from the skills that they have learned.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE & WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM
Domestic violence is one of the most pervasive of human rights violations, denying women equality, security, dignity, self-worth and their right to enjoy fundamental freedoms. In Jharkhand too, amongst the different types of gender-based violence, domestic violence is the most commonly prevalent form of violence. On account of a wide range of factors like typical patriarchal mind set up, gender-biased socialization, lack of awareness about legal rights, lack of community support mechanisms, privacy and stigma attached to domestic violence and therefore women facing domestic violence continue to suffer in silence. In 2018-19, JGVT sensitized people (Approx. 1500 people) by organizing block-level seminars, panchayat level meetings, wall paintings and rally in Dhanbad district in Jharkhand that helped them to know domestic violence is not acceptable, if committed it should be challenged by the survivor-woman and the community should support herand also about progressive legislation like Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act; which provides for effective remedies and support services for women suffering from violence to ensure that they may live a violence-free life with complete dignity and empowerment. In the meantime, 22 women were also provided legal support by JGVT and ASHMITA Network. These activities helped JGVT to move towards a violence-free society with good community participation and support.
BAL VIVAH ERADICATION PROGRAM
Child marriage is a violation of child rights and has a negative impact on physical growth, health, mental and emotional development, and education opportunities. It also affects society as a whole since child marriage reinforces a cycle of poverty and perpetuates gender discrimination, illiteracy, and malnutrition as well as high infant and maternal mortality rates. Both girls and boys are affected by child marriage, but girls are affected in much larger numbers and with greater intensity. Child marriage can be seen across the country but it is far higher in rural than in urban areas. Girls from poorer families, scheduled castes and tribes, and with lower education levels are more likely to marry at a younger age. Although child marriage is declining, the rate of decline is slow. Broad, multi-faceted strategies are needed to target different aspects of the problem, including deep-rooted social norms and behaviors, the perceived low value of girls, limited access to education, exposure to violence, restricted freedom of movement and economic vulnerability. Supported by ASHA, Ranchi, JGVT organized Seminar, Street Plays and Gosthi on child marriage in Baghmara Block in Dhanbad district in Jharkhand. A good number of times (SHG groups, Anganwadi Sewika, ASHA, Adolescents, Police Officers, and Teachers, etc. participated in the program and made it a great success.
SEMINAR ON GENDER EQUALITY
"Gender Equality" means that women and men and girls and boys enjoy the same rights, resources, opportunities, and protections. It does not require that girls and boys, or women and men, be the same, or that they are treated exactly alike. But after a long year of freedom, gender disparity still exists in our Indian society. Being born as a woman in Indian society one has to face gender discrimination at all levels. At the household level - females are confined to the bounds of their household chores, raising children and looking after families, irrespective of their education degrees or her job profile. At her workplace: women have limited access to job opportunities and are paid less for the same work. JGVT believes that gender-based discrimination can only be checked when girls are not denied their chance to learn and grow in life. Girls like boys should get a great start in life in terms of educational opportunities. This will help them attain economic independence and will also help them to be rightly equipped to make a contribution towards their upliftment as well as that of the society they are part of. In order to achieve this objective, Seminars were organized by JGVT in Dhanbad district in Jharkhand to discuss the issue at length and to chalk out itsprevention strategies. A good number of people (SHG groups, Anganwadi Sewika, ASHA, Adolescents, Police Officers, and Teachers participated in the Seminars and made it a great success.